Rules of the game
Netball, mainly practised in England and the United States of America, initially began to be played by men and women. However this sport has always been more popular among female players. Today it is practised in some European countries such as England, Holland and Germany, but mainly in the United States of America and Australia, but only in the female variant.
We do not know an inclusive version with the adaptations for people with disabilities, a solution that we will propose later after a summary characterization of the game in its formal aspect.
Netball is a collective sport, consisting of teams of seven elements, played in a sport pavilion. The goal is to score in a basket; this is achieved through passes between the players, who occupy specific and pre-defined zones in the field. It is in these areas that the players have their action in the game. The objective of the game is to score more points than the opposing team, and the players who occupy the attack zone, the semicircle or the launch area that is closest to the basket, positions occupied by the pivot and the attacker, can only score the points.
In order for the positions of each player to be perceptible in the field, the shirts they wear have the initials of the positions they occupy on the playing field.
WA - Wing Attack - Can move within the attacking third and center third, with the exception of the shooting circle – lateral forward;
GK - Goal Keeper - Can move anywhere within the defensive third of the court, but cannot leave it – goalkeeper;
GA - Goal Attack - Can move anywhere within the attacking third and the center third of the court – forward;
WD - Wing Defense - Can move within the center third and the defensive third, with the exception of the shooting circle – lateral defense;
GS - Goal Shooter - Can move anywhere within the attacking third of the court, but cannot leave it – pivot;
C - Centre - Can move anywhere across the court, apart from either of the shooting circles – middle field;
GD - Goal Defense - Can move anywhere within the attacking third and the center third of the court – defense. Only the ‘Goal Shooter’ and ‘Goal Attack’ of a team are allowed to score directly, and can only do so when they are in the position’s goal circle.
The basket is similar to that of korfball, has no table and is on a pole 3 meters from the ground.
The ball used is specific to Netball.
The dimensions of the field are 35 meters length by 20 meters wide, being divided by 3 zones, defense, central and attack.
The players cannot dribble or run with the ball. As already said, this is a positional game above all, in which the passes are decisive, since it is from these that the teams try to progress in the field, attack and score through basket, avoiding the interception of the players of the opposing team. The player who receives and passes the ball shall, at least, always have one foot in contact with the ground.
Each player must have the ball in his / her possession for a maximum of 3 seconds, after which he / she must have executed a pass or throw into play zone. The player of the team that is defending, that is that does not have the possession of the ball, must maintain the distance of about one meter of its opponent that has the ball. Contact is not allowed in the game.
The infractions / fouls occurring when there is contact between players, offside (player who invades another position in the field, other than their zone), or dribbling, give place to the loss of ball, or placement of the missing player in a position, behind the player who can receive the ball.
The players of the two teams are distributed in the field by doubles, in situation of opposition 1 to 1, according to the pre-determined positions.
The winning team will be the one that scores the most points. The game is played in four parts of 15 minutes each, without stopping the game’s timer.
Inclusive / adapted netball proposal
Netball’s adaptation proposal for players with locomotor disabilities and other disabilities
We have tried to adapt this sport to an inclusive version for athletes with locomotor and other disabilities. The game is intended for players who have locomotor disability, wheelchairs users or not, intellectual disabilities and able-bodied, playing on the same team. We used identical approach to the original game, with some adaptations according to the athletes and their functional capacity, mainly for locomotor disabilities.
Physical Rehabilitation Centers and other disability support institutions are target groups which allows both disabled and non-disabled players to interact, so that the physical therapists, physicians, other staff at the Center and the players’ families and friends can be involved. Our formula that consists of the use of this sport as rehabilitation, and can later explored more formally, as a regular practice variant, and that they can play it in full inclusion with other potential players. The game is mixed can be played by athletes with and without disabilities. They are eligible for the game, players with locomotor disabilities, upper and lower limbs, intellectually handicapped and able-bodied players, making it an all-inclusive sport.
In each team there must have, at least, two players who use a wheelchair. In terms of adaptation of the game, players who play in a wheelchair can only be marked / striking by opposing players who also has this device of compensation. Wheelchair players will be allowed to dribble (hit the ball on the ground) at least once and move with the ball in the lap. The type of wheelchairs can be sporty, like basketball-style, or simple daily wheelchairs, while not ideal, but make the practice possible and more accessible with more rudimentary materials and then less high equipment costs.
As players distributed by zones according to rules of the regular Netball, this is a game that privilege the ball pass, strategic placement and field positions, marking the zone of the opponent, for the conquest of the ball through movements of defence and attack, with which it is possible to get to score. The movements in the wheelchair in the zone of action and the accurate and speed in the pass, are fundamental for the success in the game.
- Game of 40 minutes with four parts of 10 minutes.
- The game starts in the center with player C (center) passing the ball. When you score a point the game returns to the center of the field.
- Wheelchair players can move with the ball within their zone.
- Wheelchair players can propel the chair with the ball on your legs; you can only rotate the chair with the ball on your legs.
- There is no contact with other players or chair.
- The chair of a defending player must be away one meter from the other player with the ball.
- Player only being allowed 5 seconds with the ball in the hands; if it exceeds 5 seconds the ball is passed to the opponent.
- Only GS and GA can score goals while still within the throwing circle.
- Penalties are scored when there is contact with the player or wheelchair, or obstruction of the player who has the ball.
- Remaining fouls, the ball passed to the opposing team.
- Only GS and GA can score every time they are inside the throwing circle.
- Each goal is worth one point for the team that scores.
- The height of the basket may be 3 or 2 meters off the floor.
Netball, http://www.educacaofisica.seed.pr.gov.br/modules/conteudo/conteudo.php?conteudo=212. Retrieved 12.2.2019.